The first use case application is a combination of two complementary functionalities, namely the NGAP and the ADAS, aiming to provide accurate information on the tram position and assist drivers in critical situations by informing them on the presence of obstacles in real-time, thus enhancing the passengers’ safety.

The NGAP will enable the accurate and real-time detection of the tram position through data collected from on-board inertial measurement units (IMU), satellite positioning information (GNSS) and other sensors. The positioning information will be estimated on-board the tram, and sent through a reliable connection to the tram operation control system on the ground.

This information will also enable the development of ADAS, implementing obstacle detection and collision avoidance functionalities based on an innovative data fusion algorithm combining the output of multiple sensors including radars, cameras and light detection and ranging (LIDAR) detectors. Data from additional sources, such as fixed sensors placed at strategic positions (e.g., road crossings), will also be integrated to increase the reliability of the system.